Analyze two stories to determine both similar and differing elements between the stories.
Time: 10 minutes
Time: 45 – 55 minutes
Here are available Training Options!
1. Circle up the group.
Discuss the following concepts with the group before beginning the activity. Have students recall times when they had to compare or contrast something in their life.
* To compare items means to analyze the similarities between the items.
* To contrast items means to analyze the differences between the items.
2. Read aloud the following Activity Challenge Box to the group.
Challenge: Analyze two stories to determine both similar and differing elements between the stories.
3. If students are going to read both stories for the first time, divide students into two groups. Provide each group with one of the books, and have students in each group take turns reading the story aloud.
Teacher Note: Groups should move far enough apart so as not to be distracted by the other group’s reading. Teacher Note: See the “Helpful Hints” section above for other reading options.
4. Once reading has been completed, regroup the students and place the Toobeez diamonds in the middle of the circle with the two corners overlapping (they should look like overlapping diamonds). Arrange students around the Toobeez.
5. Label one Toobeez diamond for each book title using a sentence strip.
6. Begin discussing the stories by asking some of the questions below. As the students respond to the questions, have students take turns recording the responses on sentence strips or paper. Teacher Note: If the two groups read separate books, have each group record their own responses on their own sentence strips. If both stories were read as a whole class, then have students take turns recording responses for each story.
7. For each question, have students determine if the group’s responses are similar or different. If they are similar, place the similar-statement sentence strips (one on top of the other) in the center of overlapping Toobeez. If they are different, the responses should go in the larger open part of the Toobeez square under the corresponding book title.
8. When the Toobeez are filled with as many responses as possible, review how the books were similar and how they were different.
9. After the activity, move to the “Activity Discussion and Processing” section of the activity.
To close the lesson, end with a group discussion about what was learned during the activity. Circle up the group, and work through the following questions. If possible, record the group’s responses on flip chart paper so all comments are displayed.
1. On display.
Tape the large, overlapping Toobeez diamonds to the wall to track and display similarities and differences of a classroom novel as the class works through an entire book. You could also use this method to emphasize character development by comparing and contrasting characters between or within books.
2. Extension to content areas.
This activity can extend beyond reading and be applied to content areas, such as Social Studies, to compare and contrast information. You can also apply this technique for non-fiction sources such as textbooks, magazines, pamphlets or any other research resource.