The child will independently identify how many tasks he/she must complete before a specified amount of time has passed.
Time: 5 minutes
See the following points:
Time: 30 – 60 minutes
Space: Minimal or Medium
1. Create a closed structure (for example, a square, triangle or cube) to display to the child as a model.
Therapist Tip: Be sure not to make a line because that can sometimes be misunderstood in that it could continue on forever. The goal of this activity is to provide a concrete way to demonstrate time. The size and shape of the structure will depend on the number of tasks you have planned and the amount of time estimated to complete each task during the therapy session. That is, a 60 minute therapy session may equal three tasks if 20 minutes are alloted for each task. Therefore, three tasks can be completed, so use a triangle (since it has three sides).
2. Lay out in front of the child the pieces to make the same structure as the model. (That is, for a triangle, lay out three tubes with one sphere attached to each tube).
3. On the notecards, write the tasks that need to be completed. Continuing with the triangle example, Card #1 may read “swing time,” Card #2 may read “letter practice with clay,” and Card #3 may read “handwriting practice”).
4. Tape one card to each tube.
5. Present the set up tubes with notecards attached in a list format (top to bottom – with the first activity to be completed at the top and the last activity at the bottom) to the child.
Here are available Training Options!
1. Seat the child with the activity tubes in list format to the left of the child.
2. Review with the child how long the therapy session will be. For example, “Good morning, Jimmy. Today we will be working together for one hour/30 minutes, etc.”
3. Present the child with the model shape/structure that they will make by the end of the therapy session and discuss that he/she will know that therapy time is finished when the structure is complete. For example, “Jimmy, we will be finished working together when your square looks like mine.”
4. Review the activity tubes with the child, telling him/her what is expected of them during the therapy session. Verbally presetting a child in this way assists the organizational process and allows them to anticipate the sequence of events for the therapy session (30/60 minutes).
5. Ask the student to read the first activity on the list (top). Providing a list also adds structure to the child’s therapy session and facilitates an organized approach to a task – a specific beginning point and specific end to the session.
6. Complete the prepared activity and place the first tube (with the activity on the index card) in a position that will begin the shape (either the top of the shape or the left as this also provides a structured approach to task and requires the eyes and brain to proceed using the same approach as reading – top to bottom and left to right).
7. Complete the next task prepared for the therapy session and place it beneath the first task’s tube. Ask the child how many tasks are left until he is finished the therapy session. He could either look at the shape/structure to identify how many missing pieces there are, or he could look at the list and identify how many tasks are left on the list.
8. Continue this pattern until the therapy session is complete.
9. When the activity is complete, move on to the Discussion and Processing questions.
A. For the child:
B. For teachers/para-educators/other therapists:
1. For a group of students.
Apply the same strategies of organization and time management to a group therapy session. Upon completion of each task, a different member of the group can add another piece to the shape/structure.
2. Using pictures instead of words.
If a child is not able to read the instructions of the therapy session on the index cards, use pictures instead. If a child is learning to read, pair
pictures with the words to begin associating the activity with the words.